Tobago is located northeast of the mainland of Trinidad and southeast of Grenada. The island lies outside the hurricane belt. It is an autonomous island within the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
Tobago has a land area of 300 km and is approximately 40 kilometres (25 miles) long and 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) wide. It is located at Latitude 11° 15′ N, Longitude 60° 40′ W, slightly north of Trinidad. The climate is tropical, and the island lies just south of the Atlantic hurricane belt. Average rainfall varies between 3,800 mm (150 inches) on the Main Ridge to less than 1,250 mm (49 inches) in the southwest. There are two seasons: a wet season between July and November, and a dry season between December and June.
The Tobago Forest Reserve (Main Ridge Reserve) is the oldest protected rain forest in the Western Hemisphere and is biodiverse. It was designated a protected Crown reserve on 17 April 1776 after representations by Soame Jenyns, a Member of Parliament in Britain responsible for Tobago’s development. It has remained a protected area since.
The southwestern tourist area around Crown Point, Store Bay, Buccoo Reef, and Pigeon Point has large expanses of sand and is dominated by resort-type developments. Tobago has many idyllic beaches along its coastline, especially those at Castara, Bloody Bay, and Englishman’s Bay. Tobago is linked to the world through the Arthur Napoleon Raymond Robinson International Airport (formerly Crown Point Airport) and Scarborough Harbour. Domestic flights connect Tobago with Trinidad, and international flights connect with the Caribbean and Europe. There is a daily fast ferry service between Port of Spain and Scarborough.
In 1958, Tobago was chosen by the Walt Disney Company as the setting for their film based on the Johann David Wyss novel, Swiss Family Robinson. When producers saw the island for the first time, they “fell instantly in love”